Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is a state in Northern Europe, on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Together with Lithuania and Estonia, all three states are referred to as the Baltic States. It is bordered by Estonia in the northern region, Lithuania in the southern, to the east is Russia, and Belarus to the southeast. The territory of Latvia is 64,589 km2. Latvia has about 2 million inhabitants. The capital of Latvia is Riga. From 2004 Latvia is a member state of the European Union. Today there are 28 states in the European Union. The currency in Latvia is the euro.
Around 60% of Latvian inhabitants are Latvians, but the biggest part of other inhabitants are Russians. Latvian is an official state language. The largest religion in Latvia is Christianity (mainly Lutheranism, Catholicism and Orthodox religion). Latvia is divided into 4 cultural and historical regions: Vidzeme, Kurzeme, Zemgale and Latgale. The largest towns according to the number of inhabitants are Riga, Daugavpils, Liepaja, Jelgava, Jurmala, Ventspils and Rezekne.
The Republic of Latvia was established on 18th November 1918. Latvia is a parliamentary, multi-party republic. The Constitution of Latvia is called Satversme. The Latvian parliament, the Saeima, is elected by direct popular vote every four years. The head of the state is president. At the moment the president of Latvia is Raimonds Vejonis.
Latvia is in the moderate zone and its climate is affected by the proximity of the sea and the mass of air carried from the Atlantic. As a result, the climate in Latvia is mild and humid and the change of four seasons is marked. The warmest season is summer (June, July and August). The average temperature in summer is 19 degrees above zero, but it is also possible to heat up to 37.8 degrees above zero. Winter months are December, January, February. Then the average temperature is 6 degrees below zero, but the frost can reach up to 25-30 degrees below zero. Also, the length of the day varies in different seasons: in summer it is light 17-18 hours, but in winter – only 6-7 hours. Precipitation in the form of rain or snow is on average 180 days a year.
Latvia is a very beautiful and green land, a popular destination for a lot of tourists to have rest and recreation in nature or to visit interesting cultural monuments and events.
We recommend watching some videos for some more insight into Latvia.
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